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Debagarh also known as Deogarh is a district in the state of Odisha. Earlier part of Sambalpur district it came into being on January 1, 1994. Debagarh is located at the northern part of Odisha and is surrounded by Angul district on its south and east while on the west it is surrounded by Sambalpur district and Sundargarh district lies to its north.
Demography of Debagarh
It is the least populated district of Odisha as per the 2011 Census and is a relatively backward district where both tribal and non tribal people reside. The literacy rate of the Debagarh district is well above 60% which is
the national average. Thus, people of the village ware willing to get
educated but there is lack of job opportunities. Festivals such as Ratha
Yatra, Makar Sakranti, Maha Shivratri, etc are some of the well
celebrated villages in Debagarh. Agriculture remains as the main source of livelihood for the people of this area. It currently comes under the red corridor. Even after adequate land and water resources and an educated population, the lack of development of physical infrastructure has lead to this situation amongst the people.
Geography of Debagarh
This district covers a total geographical area of 2781.66 sq kms and is located between 21 degree 31’ 53” North Latitude and 84 degree 43’ 2” East Longitude. It is located at a height of 192m or 630 feet from the sea level. National Highway 6 passes through the district. The district is a hilly region with mainly four major hill systems- Khajuria Range, Pradhanpat and Kaidanta Range, Pawri Range, and the Ushakothi Range.
History of Debagarh
Debagarh is formed after the bifurcation of the Sambalpur district. It is the former capital of the princely state of British India called Bamra or Bamanda ruled by the royal Gajapati dynasty. Bamra was the first princely state in India to introduce postal, telegraph and electrical services in India. Pradhanpat has its importance because it provides clean drinking water to the people and decorated the town. Pradhanpat Utsav is also celebrated annually by the people. The Jagannath Ballav Press was established in 1886 in the state. It was during Raja Shree’s time that many jails, police stations, post offices, and dispensaries were established and irrigational techniques were first introduced in the district. Odia is the main language spoken here. Apart from it, people speak Hindi too.
Healthcare in Debagarh
The primary healthcare facilities are available are Debagarh but advanced healthcare is yet to reach out to the people. People have to travel to nearby towns to access advanced healthcare. District Headquarter Hospital, Government Hospital Tilkeibani are two famous hospitals serving the residents of the town.